まなライブラリー氷の文化史日本氷業史・氷室文献雑録


Ice 008 abstract

金沢の氷室と雪氷利用


竹井 巖

掲載誌: 北陸大学紀要、第28号(2004)pp.49〜62

"Himuro"in Kanazawa and usage of the snow and ice stored.

Iwao Takei

Received October 29,2004

abstract

    “Himuro”as a cellar of snow stored in Kanazawa is treated with the object of its history and usage of the stored snow. There were“Himuro” of Kanazawa castle in the Edo period and “Himuro”s in Kanazawa city-aria after the Meiji period.The“Himuro”of Kanazawa castle was amall construction and was established for strong snow of a ceremony purpose. On the other hand,the“Himuro”s after the Meiji period were large constructions and were set up for storing snow of medical,eat-drinking and cooling purposes,Generally,“Himuro”in Japan means a cellar of ice.It is a question why the Kanazawa's snow cellars have been called as“Himuro”.The“Himuro”in Kanazawa is considered to come after“Himuro no hi”as a ceremony day of first June since the Edo period.It is well know that the Lord Maeda of Kanazawa in the Edo period had sent the stored snow to the Shogun Tokugawa in Edo castle on the day of“Himuro no hi”.By the way,there is a simple question that the stored snow could be sent from Kanazawa to Edo(500km)in summer time.In this paper,a possibility of the sending is discussed with some old documents and an experiment of ice melting.The sending of snow from Kanazawa to Edo in summer is rather possible,but it is not a rational act because of many reasons.Finally,we mention a“Himuro”in the Kenrokuen-Garden whether it existed or not in the Edo period.


copyright 2006,Iwao Takei,all right reserved

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